Closing the West's Largest Coal Plant Will Leave the Navajo Nation With $40 Million in Missing Revenue

The Navajo Generating Station
The Navajo Generating Station
Photo: AP

The Navajo Generating Station in Arizona is closing, and that’s terrible news for the Native American communities that rely on the coal plant for their income. A new report from the Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis (IEEFA) is calling on the federal government to step in for this major economic disruption the Navajo Nation and Hopi Tribe are preparing to face.

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The report, released Thursday, highlights how dramatic losing the power plant and the Kayenta Mine located on Navajo land that supplies it with coal will be for the tribes. In October—which marks the start of the 2020 fiscal year—the Navajo Nation is expected to lose $14 million in its fiscal year budget. By 2021, its budget will drop another $26 million to $132 million, according to a Facebook post from Navajo Nation President Jonathan Nez. As for the Hopi Tribe, mining royalties make up 85 percent of its budget, which fluctuates from $18 million to $21 million.

The Navajo Nation has a plan to cope with the losses by cutting its budget. But those come with consequences for the community, which is already dealing with high unemployment and inadequate housing conditions. As for the Hopi, they have yet to release a plan to deal with the loss of income. Earther reached out to both tribal presidential and chairperson offices but was not able to reach anyone in time for publication.

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Federal help could relieve some of the financial stressors that come with the plant and mine closings. After all, the government helped open the coal plant in the first place back in 1971 when the Interior Department acquired a stake in the plant’s power generation. The report authors also point out that if the federal government can bail out the automobile industry, it can help support these communities.

That’s kind of the whole premise behind a just transition, an idea that’s been popularized recently by the Green New Deal. Closing fossil fuel facilities without a plan for the communities that rely on them can be incredibly damaging. However, putting a plan in place for affected communities and workers can open opportunities to find new income sources. That includes transitioning to clean energy sources that, unlike coal plants, won’t negatively impact health or the environment. The Navajo Nation is planning on investing in solar, according to a bill introduced earlier this year.

However, federal intervention—whether in the form of a disaster aid package or loan—might be necessary for the meantime. The report makes a fair point:

Bipartisan support for effective legislation is possible—a national program would affect Democratic and Republican districts alike—modelled after federal programs that helped right the Detroit auto industry; initiatives that saved the economies of Louisiana and the Northeastern U.S. after Hurricanes Katrina and Sandy; and well-funded Department of Defense programs to buffer the community effects of military base-closings and downsizing in dozens of states.

Tribal economies are no less worthy of comparable federal intervention, and the same is true as well of struggling coalfield communities elsewhere.

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As badly as President Donald Trump wanted to revive coal, that isn’t happening. It’s dying due to economics turning against it, but that doesn’t have to mean doom for the communities that once relied on it, too.

Yessenia Funes is climate editor at Atmos Magazine. She loves Earther forever.

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DISCUSSION

dnapl
Dense non aqueous phase liquid

The money involved in plant and mine closure is pretty big. This assumes the plant will be razed. Coal ash (bottom and fly) is managed properly. Soil and groundwater will be remediated, if necessary. And the mined land reclaimed and/or remediated if ash was dumped in the mine. Final remediation and restoration seems to lie somewhere between $100 million and $1 billion - depending on what’s included and who’s tossing numbers out. Those costs are early estimates. The real costs could be and usually are much higher.

So remediation/restoration will be an ongoing thing and give lots of folks jobs for a decade maybe more. For example, the heavy equipment operators working at the mine or the plant coal pile could do the same kind of work during remediation and restoration.

On top of that DoE through NREL have looked into renewables as a power generating replacement for the Navajo station.

https://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy17osti/66506.pdf

And of course the plant and mine were a deal between the Hopi, Navajo, US DoI/BIF and Peabody Coal. While it operated and spewed coal products of combustion downwind, the Hopi and Navajo may have enjoyed the revenues from leases and operations.

As the world warms and problems amplify, at some point we’ll all be in together and work as one. Or nobody will give a shit about nobody. People become hardened fuckers quick.