The Last of the Arctic's Old Sea Ice Is on the Verge of Vanishing

Illustration for article titled The Last of the Arctic's Old Sea Ice Is on the Verge of Vanishing
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Pour one out for old Arctic sea ice, because it’s basically a goner.

The severe toll of climate change at the top of the world is becoming clearer with each passing day. The latest sign comes courtesy of the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC), which released its monthly sea ice update on Thursday. It shows that just 1.2 percent of ice in the Arctic Ocean is older than four years. Just 35 years ago, ice that was four years old or older made up nearly a third of all Arctic sea ice.


Old sea ice is vital to holding Arctic icepack as a whole together. It acts as an anchor for younger ice and a buffer against the storms that pound the region. But as ocean and air temperatures have risen in the Arctic, its extent has shrunk dramatically. As the new report reminds us, old sea ice is now on life support. While the summer melt season isn’t likely to deliver the final knockout punch, it will be yet another blow to the region’s ice.

That comes as the Arctic hit a new April low for sea ice extent, beating out April 2016 for the ignominious title. The loss of old sea ice is intimately tied to the disappearance of Arctic ice cover more broadly. As it melts out, it’s been replaced by younger, thinner ice that breaks up more easily when storms come through and melts more readily in the warming waters.

If this is the four-plus year old ice finally disappears, it will mark the first time on record the Arctic has been without it. There’s a chance it could come back as the winter refreeze happens depending on what happens to ice in the 3-4 year age range over the course of the summer. If some of this ice makes it through the summer, it would age another year thus replenishing four-plus year old ice.

“The majority of the 3+ year-old sea ice is located north of Greenland,” Zack Labe, a PhD candidate at the University of California, Irvine who studies the Arctic, told Earther in an email. “Recent IceBridge and CryoSat-2 satellite observations indicate this area is highly deformed sea ice and quite thick. It is very unlikely this ice will melt during the summer.”

But even the prospect of a slight bounce back of old ice this winter doesn’t negate the trend of widespread ice loss in the Arctic nor the fact that those losses will continue into the coming years. Mark Serreze, NSIDC’s director, told Earther 5-10 years is a “more reasonable” timeframe for old ice finally melt away. Research shows the Arctic could see ice-free summers as early as the mid-2030s.

Other parts of the region are undergoing similar dramatic changes. Recent research has shown Greenland is losing six times more ice now than it was in the 1980s while other findings show that the Canadian Arctic hasn’t been as warm as it is now in at least 115,000 years. The landscape is also destabilizing and unleashing a wild series of landslides.


So maybe pour one out for those places and the people that live there, too.

Managing editor at Earther, writing about climate change, environmental justice, and, occasionally, my cat.


Dense non aqueous phase liquid

It seems like Russia isn’t all that concerned about climate change. Especially as accelerated warming in the arctic is opening up shipping of landlocked Siberian crude oil. It’s like Russian petroleum engineers and climatologist are working together on project scheduling:

Russia’s Gazprom Neft sees Bazhenov shale oil commercial output in 2025"

KHANTY-MANSIISK, Russia, March 1 (Reuters) - Russia’s Gazprom Neft expects to start commercial production from Bazhenov formation, the world’s largest shale oil resource, in 2025 provided it can reduce lifting costs from current estimates for the project, company officials said.

The International Energy Agency describes Bazhenov as the world’s largest source rock, a bed of ancient organic matter dating back to the Jurassic period which has given rise to most of the crude oil pumped from the fields of West Siberia.

As it lies: the subject field is the big brown blob below and roughly the size of two and a half Texases. Roughly.

Looks like the natural gas bridge for energy transitioning just got extended out to infinity.  

Our side’s leader: a Swedish teenager.

Their side’s leader: Vladimir Putin.